Fire & Safety

Fire engineering combines a scientific knowledge of how fires start, spread, are contained and extinguished, with behavioural insights into how people react to them. The result is an engineering discipline that protects people, property and the environment from fire.

Emonika City Centre development


Ramboll. Nelson Morgado. Image courtesy of Paulina Sobczak Photography

Nelson Morgado

Team Director, Fire
T: +44 20 7631 5291
Ramboll. Mark Yau. Image courtesy of Paulina Sobczak Photography.

Mark Yau

Technical Director
T: +44 20 7631 5291

We employ a design approach to fire engineering that helps clients manage risks cost effectively and efficiently. This entails developing a situation-specific strategy, using statistics from real fires, analysis tools and studies of human behaviour. Our experience shows this can realise architectural visions and add value by reducing over-specification from conservative codes of practice.

Ramboll’s proven fire & safety expertise applies to all sectors including high rise, residential, offices, retail, education, sports facilities, industrial, aviation, and healthcare. We also cover all stages of the development process from identifying risks and opportunities for improved value through to construction supervision and advice. 

Comprehensive fire & safety service

  • Fire strategies
  • Fire systems design – developing bespoke solutions incorporating automatic systems for detection, alarm and suppression
  • Fire risk assessment – consultancy on fire strategies and business continuity plans
  • Structural fire engineering – assessing the fire resistance of structures to identify potential savings on fire protection
  • Computer modelling – studying the action of fire, smoke and heat, and simulating evacuation scenarios
  • Fire tests
  • Safety documentation
  • Innovation in fire & safety

Technology, industry best practice and legislation are always changing. In fire engineering and safety risk management awareness of these changes and how they affect different countries is essential. To continuously develop our knowledge, we conduct our own research, maintain links with universities, research organisations and industry, and recruit team members with wide-ranging combinations of expertise. Our organisational structure ensures we share this knowledge throughout our local offices around the world.

Computer modelling

The process of reviewing each of the fire strategy elements is done in a number of ways, with computer modelling playing a key role. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) are used to model the action of fire in a building, the smoke and heat it produces and the effects of different fire-fighting options. We use STEPS software to model evacuation strategies which is capable of simulating evacuation scenarios in all types of buildings and combines people’s behaviour during a fire with a particular building type and layout. We also use finite element analysis software to determine the behaviour of structural elements with varying fire loads.

Strategic fire engineering on projects

There are usually five stages to our strategic fire engineering work. We assess the design and develop an outline strategic fire engineering report, identifying risks (where the design is non-compliant with the prescriptive standards) and opportunities for improved value. We stay with the project throughout construction to ensure the strategy remains appropriate and is implemented correctly, and to provide on-going specification and construction advice.

Fire system design

Automatic systems for detection, alarm and suppression are often required to meet building regulation requirements. Modern buildings are becoming increasingly intelligent and the use of systems integration methods during the design phase is both a specialist and integral requirement. Our system design engineers provide bespoke solutions for developers, project design teams, contractors and end users, ensuring a complete project life-cycle service.

Fire risk assessment

Ramboll offers fire risk assessments to allow existing building owners/occupiers to re-examine their strategic fire plans. We make recommendations including a property protection/business continuity plan on how a business can survive a fire and also offer a mandatory risk assessment.

Structural fire engineering

Structural fire engineering is a specialist area of fire engineering assessing buildings in terms of their fire resistance and analysing the true response and behaviour of structural elements in a fire scenario. The added value can be commercial by achieving considerable savings on fire protection for the client or visual in keeping with the architectural aspirations. The main objectives are reducing fire rating and reducing / omitting passive fire protection to steel structures.

Fire engineering projects

Ferrari World, Yas Island, Abu Dhabi, UAE

Ferrari World

Ferrari World in Abu Dhabi is the World’s only Ferrari theme park. Sixty of our engineers worked on the four-year project and were involved in every aspect of the park's unique design from concept to completion.

British Pavillion, Shanghai Expo

UK Pavilion for Shanghai World Expo fire engineering

The intriguing and popular British Pavilion for Expo 2010 Shanghai was designed by Heatherwick Studio, winners of the 2007 design competition. More than 200 countries are taking part in the Expo, the theme for which is "Better City, Better Life"...


BBC W1 project

The BBC has developed a new broadcasting complex consisting of two new, linked buildings and a refurbished Broadcasting House. The project has been constructed in two phases...

Show more projects for this service


240 Blackfriars Road
London SE1 8NW
United Kingdom
Tel:+44 20 7631 5291
Fax:+44 845 299 1610


Company registration

Company registration

Ramboll UK Limited. Registered in England & Wales. Company registration no. 03659970. Registered office: 240 Blackfriars Road, London SE1 8NW

Other sites

Other sites